Wajrayana atau kadang ditulis Vajrayana, adalah suatu ajaran Buddha yang di Indonesia lebih sering dikenal dengan nama Tantra atau Tantrayana. Namun banyak juga istilah lain yang digunakan, seperti misalnya: mantrayana, ajaran mantra rahasia, ajaran Buddha eksoterik. Wajrayana adalah merupakan ajaran yang berkembang dari ajaran Buddha Mahayana, dan berbeda dalam hal praktek, bukan dalam hal fil...
Apa itu palyul? Palyul adalah salah satu 6 Biara Induk ari Sekolah Nyingma atau Tradisi Terjemahan Awal dari Buddhisme Tibet. Biara ini didirikan pada tahun 1665 di Provinsi Kham, Tibet Timur (sekarang Baiyu, Sichuan, China) oleh Kunzang Sherab, Pemegang Tahta Pertama Palyul. His Holiness Karma Kuchen Rinpoche (kiri), Pemegang Tahta ke-12 adalah Pemimpin Silsilah Palyul saat ini. Sebagaimana ya...
Dengan sukacita dan kegembiraan yang luar biasa untuk memberitahukan kepada semua murid His Holiness Penor Rinpoche yang berada di seluruh dunia bahwa Guru kita yang tercinta telah dilahirkan kembali di Tibet. Berdasarkan surat nubuat dari His Holiness Jadrel Rinpoche, Penor Rinpoche Yangsi (reinkarnasi), lahir di dekat Leten Tramo Drag atau Dung Lung Tramo Drag, tempat suci dimana Nyingthing Yabshyi (Ajaran Empat Siklus Inti Hati) terungkap. Berdasarkan surat nubuat tersebut, dikombinasikan dengan visi murni dari Tulku Thubten Palzang Rinpoche, Yangsi diakui otentik.
Pada tanggal 31 Juli 2014, yang merupakan hari keberuntungan yang mana Sang Buddha pertama kali memutar roda Dharma, hari ke-4 dan bulan ke-6 tahun 2141 menurut penanggalan Tibetan, Yangsi akan naik tahta.
Kami meminta kepada seluruh saudara-saudari sedharma untuk melakukan doa-doa berikut untuk umur panjang Yangsi dan untuk mengatasi semua rintangan untuk keberhasilan upacara penobatan.
Kami akan menginformasikan doa tambahan yang diperlukan untuk kedepannya.
Announcement in Tibetan Version
Announcement in English Version
The Twelfth Throne-Holder of Palyul Lineage
H.H. Karma Kunchen was born on 28th August 1970, in south India. His mother is TsamChod and his father Dorje Namgyal is a descendent of Anag Pon, a religious Lord of Gonjo in Kham province, Tibet. His Holiness Dudjom Rinpoche recognized him as the unmistaken reincarnation of Karma Thegchog Nyingpo( 4th Karma Kuchen). In the year 1975, His Holiness Padma Norbu Rinpoche invited him to Namdroling Monastery and enthroned him with elaborate celebration. Under the guidance of His Holiness Padma Norbu Rinpoche, he has learnt all the basic religious educations.
H.H. Karma Kunchen Rinpoche enrolled into the Ngagyur Nyingma University and excelled in all the knowledge of the vast and profound Sutra and Tantra teachings of Buddhist pholisophy. He also received numerous empowerments, instructions and transmissions of Nyingma tradition and particularly the Namchoe teaching, along with the Great Prefection, Tumo and Nyendro from great masters such as His Holiness Dilgo Khentse Rinpoche and H.H. Padma Norbu Rinpoche.
In Bodhgaya, he received the novice vow and full ordination from His Holiness Padma Norbu Rinpoche. Since then he has strictly preserved every aspects of the vows and soon became an authentic holder of the precious precepts. In 1994, as per the recommendation of H.H. Padma Norbu Rinpoche, H.H. Karma Kuchen Rinpoche ariived in the Palyul Namgyal Jangchub Choling Monastery (one of the great mother monasteries of Nyingma Tradition) in Tibet.There he received various common and particular empowerment, instructions, and transmission of Nyingma and Namchoe teaching through Chogtrul Thupten Palzang, Khamtrul Chokyi Nima and so on. In addition, he practiced the distinct recital of Palyul tradition like ritual dances, establishment of mandalas and the mode of performing rituals. On 14 August 2000, he was formally enthroned as the 12th throne-holder of palyul Lineage and became the supreme head of all the mother and branch monasteries of Palyul Traditions.
Since 2003, he has travelled to many countries and brought numerous beings to maturation by bestowing empowerments and instructions. He bestowed the Terzod Empowerment in Gonjo Gyara Monastery, which was attended by thousands of devottees. In addition, he has built many temples, stupas, prayer well, images of deities and other objects of veneration and faith. Taking into consideration the shortage of accommodation for the empowerments and great ceremonies, H.H. Karma Kuchen has established a great four-story temple, which is giant and functional for the community, and sanctified with many objects of mind, speech and the body of the buddhas. On many occasions H.H. Padma Norbu Rinpoche had appreciated his inexhaustible efforts and unrelenting service in upholding the pure lineage of Palyul tradition and dissemination of Buddha Dharma. The reincarnation of H.H. Padma Norbu Rinpoche and H.H. Karma Kuchen Rinpoche had been repeatedly upholding the tradition of Palyul Monastery through administration, guidance, and developments. Even today, H.H. Karma Kuchen Rinpoche is shouldering the responsibility of the entire Mother and Branch monasteries of Palyul Lineage, and present days, he is visiting in the Palyul Dharma Centres across the world benefiting beings and propagating the message of Lord Shakyamuni.
Eleventh throne holder of Palyul Tradition
The third Drubwang Pema Norbu ("Penor") Rinpoche is the 11th Throne holder of the Palyul Lineage of Nyingma. He is considered one of the foremost masters of the Buddhist tradition of Tibet. Throughout the Buddhist community he is respected for his vast knowledge and accomplishment and for the integrity and strength with which he upholds the Buddhist teachings. H.H. Penor Rinpoche was born in the Powo region of Kham East Tibet to father Sonam Gyurme and mother Dzom Kyi during the twelfth month of the lunar calendar the year of the Water Monkey (1932). Khenpo Ngaga foresaw exceptional destiny for the new incarnation. In 1936, the year of the Fire Mouse, the young Penor Rinpoche was invited to the Palyul monastery where he took refuge with the greats and learned masters. Khenpo Ngaga performed the traditional hair cutting ceremony and gave him the name Dhongag Shedrup Tenzin.
Khenpo Ngaga then granted him the long life empowerment of Amitayus and composed the long-life prayer which is till chanted daily by thousands of His Holiness Penor Rinpoche's followers all over the world. His Holiness Penor was formally enthroned by his master Thubten Chokyi Dawa (1894-1959) the second Choktul Rinpoche, and Karma Thekchok Nyingpo (1908-1958) the fourth Karma Kuchen. In time, Penor Rinpoche would become the eleventh throne holder of Palyul Monastery with its more than four hundred branch monasteries. He spent years at Palyul, studying and receiving teachings from numerous masters and scholars, including 4th Karma Kuchen, who carefully prepared him as his successor.
After the invasion of China in 1963, His Holiness settled in Bylakuppe in south India and began the daunting project of establishing Namdroling Monastery under extremely harsh conditions. Today, Namdroling houses around 5000 monks and 900 nuns and is one of the thriving centers of excellence for Tibetan culture and religious training. The complex consists of a school, a college for Higher Buddhist Studies, a retreat centre, a nunnery, a hospital and a home for the elderly. His Holiness is also actively involved in helping local Indians through education and health care. In addition, His Holiness has managed to rebuild the monasteries in Tibet and reintroduced Buddhist study and practice. Simultaneously he has set up a network of palyul centers in other parts of the world such as in United States of America, England, Greece, Canada, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Philippine, Macao etc.
His Holiness is considered the reincarnation of Vajrapani and living embodiment of Vimalaitra, who brought the Dzongchen teaching in Tibet. One of the few prominent masters in the Nyingma tradition. His Holiness is renowned as both a scholar and as a leading figure in meditation by hundreds of thousands of followers worldwide. Throughout the Tibet communities, His Holiness renowned for his personal integrity, will power, determination and magnanimity in propagating the teaching of the Buddha. His Holiness served as the Supreme Head of the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism for over ten years.
As always, His Holiness Penor Rinpoche works tirelessly for the dissemination of Buddhism in all part of the world. He has founded Dharma centers in the USA, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Greece, Philippines, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan etc.
The 11th Throne holder of the Palyul Lineage of the Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, His Holiness Pema Norbu Rinpoche passed away, entering the stage of Thugdam, the final stage of meditation, as of 8:20 PM on Friday, March 27, 2009, at the Namdroling Monastery in Bylauppe, South India. His Holiness Penor Rinpoche remained in Thugdam for almost eight days until Friday April 3, 2009. Present days, His Holiness Penor Rinpoche's holy body is preserved in the first floor of Zangdog palri Temple of Namdroling Monastery in order to receive blessing for the devotees around the world.
His Holiness Penor Rinpoche is one of the last greatest Master upholding the complete and realization of the Nyingma or Ancient Tradition. His Holiness visible achievements are too numerous to list fully, not to mention the full spectrum of his hidden activates for the benefit of all sentient beings.
First Gyangkhang Rinpoche
The First Gyangkhang Rinpoche, named Wong Chug, was born in the sacred place of Guru Rinpoche, Gangrig in Tibet. He was the brother of Karma Tashi Rinpoche. Karma Tashi Rinpoche was the Fourth Throneholder of Palyul lineage and the First Karma Kuchen Rinpoche, one of the two principle heart disciples of the First Drubwang Pema Norbu Rinpoche. Prophecies in many scriptures of oral transmission and treasure transmission revealed that he was the emanation of Avalokitesvara. Countless sentient beings were liberated through his priceless teachings.
Second Gyangkhang Rinpoche
The Second Gyangkhang Rinpoche was named Rigzin Jigme Longdrol, which literally means, “The Fearless Awareness Holder who is liberated in the Vast Expanse.” The teachers from whom he received teachings were Karma Nyingjed Wangpo, Karma Jigme, Jigme Gyalwai Nyugu (Patrul Rinpoche’s Master), and Jigme Tsewang Chogdrub. He listened to all the three Baskets of teachings (Tripitaka) namely the Vinaya ( Moral Discipline), Sutra ( Teachings on Concentration), and Abhidharma (Buddhist Metaphysics). In addition, he also received the Mahayana Teachings or the teachings of the higher vehicle, and the teachings of both the Transmitted Precepts (Kama) and the Rediscovered Teachings (Terma). In the early part of his life, he made great contributions in propagating the distinct teachings of The Palyul Lineage. He spent the later part of his life staying in retreat at a holy cave of Wrathful Guru Rinpoche. Whilst practicing, he gave Dzogchen Teachings to thousands of students and also built many stupas and sacred images of Buddha. Moreover, he accomplished both the generation as well the completion stages of meditation and tamed countless visible and invisible sentient beings. Thus he was considered a great master and a widely respected awareness holder.
Third Gyangkhang Rinpoche
The Third Gyangkhang Rinpoche was named Pedma Kenzang Tenzin. When he was a child, he often talked with Chenrizig (Avalokitesvara), just as if conversing with another person. One of the Shakya Masters, Khenpo Baden Chisong Rinpoche recognized him as the authentic incarnation of the Second Gyangkhang Rinpoche. He studied under great masters such as Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Gyaltrul Pema Dongag Tenzin, Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Thaye and Rigzin Dzotu Pawo Dorje. He listened to the entire Kama and Terma Teachings of Nyingma Tradition, practiced them and then taught them to his disciples thus making a remarkable contribution in the propagation of Buddha dharma.
Biography of the Fourth Gyangkhang Rinpoche
The Fourth Gyangkhang Rinpoche was born in India. H.H. Penor Rinpoche, H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche and H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche recognized him as the authentic incarnation of the Third Gyangkhang Rinpoche.
At the age of four, His Holiness Penor Rinpoche invited him to stay in Namdroling Monastery and thereafter looked after him as his own child. When he was 15, he received the esoteric teachings of Tantra thus laying the foundation for the higher practices. He entered Ngagyur Nyingma Institute (Shedra), a branch of Namdroling Monastery and an advanced college of Tibetan Buddhism where he studied general Buddhist Philosophy as well as the distinct Nyingma Teachings. He also studied Tibetan grammar, poetry, and Tibet’s political and religious history. Unlike other students, he was brilliant in his studies.
In his fifth year in his university, Gyangkhang Rinpoche displayed his scriptural knowledge by giving a lengthy discourse on Sangwa Nyingpo (Magical Net Tantra, a Mahayoga Teaching) in front of His Holiness The Fourteen Dalai Lama and an assembly of thirty thousand people both lay and ordained from all the different religious traditions of Tibet. He also debated on this subject and emerged victorious. His Holiness the Dalai Lama praised his wisdom in front of all and offered him a khata, a traditional scarf, encouraging him to hold, sustain and disseminate the teachings of Lord Buddha for the benefits of all beings.
He received the empowerments, oral transmissions and pith instructions on the whole Kama and Terma teachings (the distinct Nyingma Teachings of the Transmitted Precepts and the Rediscovered Treasure Teachings) from His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Dodrubchen Rinpoche, Jadrel Rinpoche, Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok Rinpoche, and Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche. He specially received the distinct teachings of Palyul Tradition including the Namchö Teachings from His Holiness Penor Rinpoche. He not only received Ngondro (Preliminary Practices), Tsalung (Winds and Channels), and Dzogchen (Great Perfection) teachings but also practiced them perfectly. He also learned the Buddhist philosophy mainly the sutra and tantra under the guidance of many great Khenpos and masters of his time.
In 1994, under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya, Gyangkhang Rinpoche received the vows of full ordination from His Holiness Penor Rinpoche. At that time, he was given the name Thupten Mawai Nyima Jigme Singye Chogle Nampar Gyalwai De. In 1995, he completed the nine years course in the institute and considering his high level of knowledge, Penor Rinpoche bestowed him the title of a “Tulku Khenpo” and recognized him worthy of a dharma teacher who can guide others towards the path of enlightenment.
Before becoming enthroned as with the title of a Khenpo, he gave teachings at many occasions in Namdroling of America and Asian countries like Hongkong, Taiwan and others. The teachings that he gave included Buddhist teachings on Bodhicitta, meditation and philosophy. He also gave empowerments and oral transmissions.
Gyangkhang Rinpoche has realized the meaning of Lord Buddha’s teachings both the sutra and tantra. On several occasions, he has represented His Holiness by giving advice, instructions and teachings in many dharma centers around the world. At present, he is teaching in the Ngagyur Nyingma Institute (Shedra) and shoulders monastic responsibilities.
Mugsang Kuchen Rinpoche was born to Penpa Dorjee (father) and Sonam Yangzom (mother) in Nepal, on the tenth day of the fourth Tibetan Month with miraculous signs. At the age of two, His Holiness Dudjom Rinpoche and his Holiness Drubwang Penor Rinpoche recognized him as the unmistakable reincarnation of Chogtrul Kunzang Sherab. From the age of three, Penor Rinpoche looked after him with great compassion and care. When he reached the age of four, he recieved the Rinchen Terzöd Empowerment cycle from His Holiness Drodrub Rinpoche. Beginning from age five, he learned to read and write in Tibetan and began training in the distinct rituals of the Palyul tradition. Subsequently, he received the Kama Empowerments, instructions on Ngöndro, Tsa Lung and Dzogchen directly from His Holiness Penor Rinpoche. Thus he has upheld and continued the supreme activities of his predecessor. He has studied common sciences such as grammar, poerty , logic as well as the uncommon science of Buddhist philosophy at Ngyagyur Nyingma University at Namdroling in South India.
Mugsang Monastery, Mugsang Thubten Sangngag Chöling, is located in a sacred place in Tibet southwest of Kathok Monastery. “Mug” means sluggish and “Sang” means clear. Thus “Mugsang” means to clear oneself from sluggishness. The monastery is built at the location that Terton Migyur Dorje spent his final days, passing into the empty sphere of truth while sitting in meditative equipoise.
Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche
Biografi singkat Khenchen Pema Shearb Rinpoche merupakan Khenpo palng senior dari tradisi Nyingma dalam Buddhisme Tibet di luar Tibet. Beliau dilahirkan di Tibet dan belajar dalam arahan master dan guru terpelajar dari semua tradisi Buddhisme Tibet. Beliau ditasbihkan pada tahun 1953 dan tiba di Indiia pada tahun 1959. Pada umur 17 tahun, Beliau bertemu dengan guru spritualnya yaitu HH Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. Beliau menerima kebanyakan ajarannya dari Khyentse Rinpoche, termasuk didalamnya Guhyagarbha Root Tantra, Longchenpa's Treasury of Path Instruction, Kagyud Ngag Dzog, Rinchen Terdzod, Jigme Lingpa's Yoden Dzod, Lochen Dharmashri's Explanation on Ngari Penchen's Three Vows, dsb. Pada kesempatan lain, Beliau juga menerima ajaran Dharma dan inisiasi dari guru-guru senior lainnya seperti HH Dudjom Rinpoche, HH Penor Rinpoche dan HH Takhlung Tsetrul Rinpoche.
Pada tahun 1968, HH Penor Rinpoche mengundang Beliau ke Namdroling Monastery (Golden Temple, Bylakkuppe) untuk mengajarkan Dharma. Ngagyur Nyingma Institute, Universitas Keviharaan Nyngma yang tersebar di luar Tibet, didirikan di Namdrolingpada tahun 1978. Sejak itu, Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche telah mengajarkan keduanya Sutra dan Tantra di Institute tersebut. HH Penor Rinpoche menganugerahkan gelar Khenchen (Great Abbot) kepadanya. Khen Rinpoche telah mengelilingi dunia dan memberikan ajaran-ajaran Dharma dan inisiasi-inisiasi. Beliau juga menulis beberapa buku filsafat dan logika Buddhist dan sebuah biografi tentang Guru Padmasambhava.
Khenpo Khentse Norbu Rinpoche adalah Kepala Biara dari Biara Namdroling yang merupakan cabang dari Biara Palyul, salah satu biara terbesar dari 6 biara utama dari tradisi Nyingma di Tibet. Beliau dilahirkan pada tahun 1967. Dari usia yang sangat muda Beliau mempelajari dasar-dasar Buddhisme Tibet. Beliau menjadi biarawan pada usia 16 dengan mengambil ikrar dasar agama Buddha. Setelah berhasil menyelesaikan studi dasar seluruh Buddhisme Tibet seperti ritual nyanyian dan melakukan praktik ritual selama 4 tahun, Beliau mendaftar di Ngagyur Nyingma Institute, Mysore, India Selatan, perguruan tinggi yang bergengsi pada Biara Namdroling di tahun 1988.
Beliau secara ekstensif belajar selama 9 tahun dan berhasil memperlajari tata bahasa, sejarah dan puisi Tibet sebagai dasar studi, filsafat Buddhis tertinggi seperti Pramana (Logika Buddhis), Madhyamaka (Jalan Tengah), Abhi-dharma (Metafisika Buddhis), Prajnaparamita (Kesempurnaan dalam Kebijaksanaan), Vinaya (Disiplin Monastik) bagian dalam dan luar Tantra, sehingga mencakup seluruh ajaran Sutra dan Tantra filsafat Buddhis. Beliau menerima banyak ajaran, pemberdayaan (empowerment), transmisi lisan, instruksi rahasia dari Silsilah Sakyapa seperti ajaran Path and Fruition melalui Ngawang Khentse Thupten Nyingpo, Sakya Dagthri Rinpoche dan sebagainya. Beliau juga telah menerima ajaran-ajaran utama dari Buddhisme Tibet oleh Guru Besar yang tak terhitung jumlahnya dari Tibet, ajaran-ajaran rahasia dan petunjuk dari tradisi Nyingma oleh Khentse Rinpoche, Khenchen Jigmay Phunstok Rinpoche, Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche, Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche, Khenchen Wangchuk Sonam Rinpoche, dan sebagainya. Dan yang paling utama, Beliau cukup beruntung untuk menerima seluruh Empowerment Tertinggi dan Rahasia, ajaran, transmisi lisan dan instruksi dari Ajaran Dzogchen dari Yangthang Rinppoche, H.H Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche dan H.H Penor Rinpoche. Dengan demikian, pengetahuan Beliau tentang Filosofi Buddhis dan praktek moralitas selalu dipuji dan dihargai oleh Guru-Guru dari Biara Namdroling maupun di luar biara. Beliau menyelesaikan studi Buddhis yang lebih tinggi pada tahun 1996 dengan memperoleh nilai yang lebih tinggi di semua ujian akademis yang diadakan dalam kurun waktu 9 tahun di Ngagyur Nyingma Institute. Beliau dianugerahi gelar oleh Institute sebagai berikut:
Berikut ini adalah posisi dan tanggung jawab yang telah Beliau ambil untuk melayani dalam biara:
Berikut ini adalah tanggung jawab yang telah Beliau ambil sebagai Guru di luar biara:
Selain itu, Beliau secara luas telah memberikan ajaran Ngondro (Praktik Pendahuluan) dan Dzogchen (Kesempurnaan Agung) pada orang awam dalam berbagai kesempatan sehingga bermanfaat bagi banyak siswa yang tertarik dengan agama Buddha. Singkatnya, mulai dari 1993 hingga 2008 untuk jangka waktu 16 tahun Beliau telah memberikan ajaran Filsafat Buddha baik Sutra maupun Tantra secara luas di Biara Namdroling dan biara lainnya di Nepal, Bhutan dan Tibet. Selama bertahun-tahun Beliau telah memperoleh banyak pengalaman dan kecakapan dalam pembabaran ajaran Buddhis tidak hanya secara umum tetapi juga filosofi yang berbeda, praktik serta intisari instruksi dari Sekolah Nyingma Buddhisme Tibet.
Saat ini, Beliau tinggal di Palyul Nyingma Buddhism Vihara Padma Sambhava Medan, Indonesia mengemban tanggung jawab sebagai Seorang Pembimbing dan Guru Spritual dalam membabarkan dan menyebarkan ajaran Buddha Dharma secara umum dan Tantrayana secara khusus.
Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.